Walter Van Dyke Bingham Papers
Scope and Contents
Bingham's roles in various academic fields and his contributions to numerous individuals and organizations are evident in the range of notable correspondents. These include James Angell and Robert Yerkes of the American Psychological Association, Samuel Gompers of the American Federation of Labor, Alexander Graham Bell, E.L. Thorndike, Charles S. Myers, Eleanor Roosevelt, and Herbert Hoover. Respected by psychologists and academics, Bingham encouraged research and discussion regarding the relation between intelligence, vocation, and personality.
The majority of this collection has been microfilmed and is available for research.
During World War I, the U.S. Army requested the assistance of Bingham and other psychologists involved in vocational education and research on intelligence testing. These psychologists worked for the War Department as the Committee for Classification of Personnel in the Army, of which Bingham was executive secretary. The Committee developed and revised a series of tests to determine rank and assignment for enlisted men and recruits. These intelligence and personality tests are forerunners of the familiar Scholastic Aptitude Tests. Having served the army as a psychologist in the first World War, Dr. Bingham was recalled by the War Department when World War II broke out to serve on the Army's National Research Council on Classification of Military Personnel. At the same time he served the Adjutant General's office as chief psychologist.
The testing methods developed during World War I were also adapted for use in business by the Division of Applied Psychology. The schools and bureaus worked with business leaders to determine the ideal traits for workers and managers, leading to standardization of retail training and testing methods used by personnel departments. This research reflected the growing support for the field of industrial psychology. Bingham's interest in industrial psychology continued after his departure from Carnegie Institute in 1924 and in his directorship of the Personnel Research Federation in New York City.
From 1946 to 1948, Bingham was chairman of the Council of Advisers to the Director of Personnel and Administration of the Army's General Staff. Since 1949, he had served the Secretary of Defense as a consultant on personnel policies. Dr. Bingham was past president of the American Association of Applied Psychology and past secretary of the American Psychological Association.
85 Linear feet (88 boxes, including one oversized box. )
- Walter Van Dyke Bingham Papers 1964.0001
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