The Digital Art Exchange (DAX) Records
Scope and Content Note
Most of the documents in that collection are related to and artifacts of specific exhibitions, performances and exchanges of art. A more thorough description of most of the projects can be found in "Review of DAX group activity 1982-1990" (Box 4 Folder 63) and in "Network Highlights and Initiatives" (Box 4 Folder 61). There is also material on educational activities, including DAX seminars and classes organized at CMU and the creation of the International Artists’ Network.
Types of material include: laser-, dot-matrix- and color-thermal-printouts of electronic mail messages and digitally-created images, telefax art; approximately 72 hours of videotape (primarily of slowscan television exchanges; some documentary footage of art events); approximately 15 hours of audiotape (primarily of conversations); 294 color 35mm slides; 142 4 x 5-inch transparencies (primarily of slowscan television images); 88 black and white 4 x 5-inch negatives, and some 35 mm negatives and positives (primarily of telefaxes); photographs; correspondence and other papers; publications and theses; exhibition posters and catalogs.
Biography or History
Telecommunication art as a classroom activity at Carnegie Mellon University started around 1981. DAX’s inaugural slowscan television exchange, “Scanning” (1882), organized in collaboration with artist Douglas Davis of the International Network for the Arts (INFA), involved students of Carnegie Mellon University, l’École Nationale Supérieure des Arts Décoratifs (ENSAD), Paris, and the National Film Academy in Lodz, Poland. Since the Polish students were not able to participate live due to martial law, pictures of them were brought to Paris and transmitted during the event.
DAX participated in numerous international transmission events and exhibitions, including Ars Electronica, Linz, Austria (1982 and 1989); Roy Ascott's La Plissure du Texte, Musée d'Art Moderne, Paris (1983), the Venice Biennale (1986); and Documenta 8, Kassel, Germany (1987). The group also participated in an event involving the transmission of slow-scan images to NASA’s space shuttle Challenger in 1985. In 1991 DAX received the Kwanzaa Honors List Award in recognition of their participation in the 1990 Goree-Almadies Memorial Celebration.
In 1987 DAX also initiated the International Artists Network (IAN), a transmission network used for educational purposes. Other institutions were also involved in the formation of IAN: Hochschule für Angewandte Kunst (University of the Applied Arts) Vienna, Austria; School of Fine Art, Gwent College of Higher Education in Caerleon, Wales, UK; Massachusetts College of Fine Art in Boston, Massachusetts; and the City Art Institute of Sydney, Australia.
In the summer of 1992, the DAX Group moved from the Carnegie Mellon University to Spokane, Washington, and became a state-registered independent non-profit corporation.
5.0 Linear feet (5 boxes)
More information on the conservation work undertaken by Matt Wrbican on the DAX collection can be found in Art Documentation: Journal of the Art Libraries Society of North America, Vol. 14, No. 2 (Summer 1995), pp.12-14.
The folders were partly rearranged into series and the finding aid updated by Laure Bukh on March 28, 2013, with additional writing on November 19, 2013. Finding aid updated to current descrption standards by Emily Davis on April 20, 2022.
- The Digital Art Exchange (DAX Group) Records, 1979-1991
- May 29, 2008
- Description rules
- Describing Archives: A Content Standard
- Language of description
- Script of description
Part of the Carnegie Mellon University Archives Repository
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